Is Jesus Christ God?
At Calvary almost everyone rejected Jesus. Only a handful of people recognized Him as the Son of God. Among the few were the dying thief on the cross who called Him Lord (Luke 23:42), and the Roman soldier who said, "Truly this Man was the Son of God!" (Mark 15:39). When John wrote, "He came unto His own, and His own did not receive Him." (John 1:11), he was thinking not merely of the crowd at the cross or even of Israel, but of all generations.
What is the evidence that Jesus Christ is divine? How did He perceive Himself? Did People recognize His divinity?
1. Christ's divine names. While here among men Christ acknowledged Himself to be the Son of God. (Matthew 27:41-43; John 5:23; 9:35-57). He confirmed the testimony of others that He was the Son of God (Matthew 16:15-17; John 1:32-34, 48, 49). His names reveal His divine nature. Immanuel means "God with us" (Matthew 1:23).
2. Christ's divine attributes. These include omnipotence (Matthew 28:18), omniscience (Matthew 9:4), omnipresence (Matthew 18:20), immutability (Hebrews 13:8). His self-existence was evident when He claimed life in Himself (John 5:26) and John testified, "In Him was life, and the life was the light of men" (John 1:4). Christ's announcement "I am the resurrection and the life" (John 11:25) affirmed that in Him is "life, original, unborrowed, underived."
3. Christ's divine powers and prerogatives. The works of God are ascribed to Jesus. He is identified as both the Creator (John 1:3; Colossians 1:16) and the Sustainer or Upholder: "in Him all things consist" (Colossians 1:17; Hebrews 1:3). He had power and authority to raise the dead (John 5:28-29). He forgave sin (Matthew 9:6; Mark 2:5-7).
4. Christ's personal testimony. Jesus Himself claimed equality with God. He identified Himself as the "I AM" (John 8:58), the God of the Old Testament. He called God "My Father" instead of "our Father" (John 20:17). And His statement "I and My Father are one" (John 10:30) sets forth the claim that He was of "one substance" with the Father, possessing the same attributes.
5. Christ is worshiped as God. There were many instances where Jesus Christ, as God and Creator, without hesitation accepted worship which even angels as well as good men, as creatures, decline with fear and horror (Revelation 19:10; Acts 10:25, 26). People worshiped Him (Matthew 28:9, 17; 14:33). "All the angels of God worship Him" (Hebrews 1:6).
The Godhead or Trinity includes God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. All three persons of the Godhead are referred to individually at the baptism of Jesus (Matthew 3:13-17) and also in the great commission (Matthew 28:19). All three of the Godhead are also referred to in the book of Genesis: "Let Us make man in Our image." (Genesis 1:26). Jesus Himself said that "they may be one, even as we are one" (John 17:22). The Holy Spirit was also the active agent in the creation of the world (Genesis 1:2).
While the Godhead is not one in person, God is one in purpose, mind, and character. This oneness does not obliterate the distinct personalities of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Jesus says that a husband and wife "shall become one flesh." In like manner also, the Trinity is united for the purpose of the work of redemption.
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